3 ways to alleviate chronic knee pain

April 15, 2016

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If people have chronic knee pain, it can lower their quality of life and keep them from doing the activities they love.

Knee pain is a common problem among many people. It affects people who are young and old, and who are athletic and non-athletic. However, chronic knee pain is usually caused by a past injury. This irritating pain might be subtle and dull, or it could be sharp and aggravated. Of course, there are varying ways people can injure their knees, which is why there are several different kinds of pain. If people have chronic knee pain, it can lower their quality of life and keep them from doing the activities they love.

What causes chronic knee pain?
Chronic knee pain occurs when the tissue surrounding the knee is swollen and the joints are difficult to move. Sometimes people have this pain in one knee, while sometimes it occurs in both, depending on lifestyle and activities. There are several causes behind this type of pain, so it is hard for people to pinpoint its exact cause without considering all of their daily activities. However, chronic knee pain does not go away without proper treatment. Sometimes it could be caused by a series of injuries or accidents instead of just one or two.

"Chronic knee pain does not go away without the proper treatment."

What are the different types of chronic knee pain?
There are several different types of knee pain. Once a person knows what is causing their knee pain, they can work to alleviate it. Some common types of knee pain include:

  • Bursitis - pain caused by overuse of the joint.
  • Osteoarthritis - pain and breakdown of cartilage surrounding the knee that can be triggered by injury or by surgery
  • Gout - pain caused by the buildup of acid.
  • Bone tumors - pain caused by a type of bone cancer that occurs in the knees.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis - an autoimmune disease that causes pain and swelling of the body's joints, including the knees.
  • Chondromalacia patella - pain caused by damage to the cartilage that surrounds the kneecap
  • Torn ligament - pain caused by a knee ligament being torn.
  • Tendinitis - pain in the front of the knee that is caused by swollen joints
  • Baker's cyst: pain caused by buildup of fluid behind the knee
Chronic knee pain has a variety of causes. Chronic knee pain has a variety of causes.

What are some ways to alleviate this pain?
Consider these tips on how to alleviate chronic knee pain.

1. Ice the knee: Continually icing the knee each day can help lower swelling and increase blood flow in and around the knee. People should not directly place ice on their knee. Instead, they should wrap ice in a towel and place it on the affected area for 15 minutes, then remove it for 15 and repeat the process. This process should be done before activities for the best results.

2. Maintain a healthy weight: Staying healthy and fit can largely improve chronic knee pain. While mild to moderate activity can help continually lubricate the joints, maintaining a steady weight can help people avoid adding any extra stress on their bones and joints. Even ten pounds more can add an extreme amount of weight to people's knees. A 10 percent decrease in weight can improve knee function by 28 percent. Watch what you eat and exercise daily to help stay fit and avoid weight gain.

3. Wear comfortable shoes: When you have chronic knee pain, the joints can largely be irritated by poor footwear. For instance, wearing high heels can add compressive force to the knees by 23 percent, which is a considerable amount. Uncomfortable footwear like heels can also lead to tighter calves, which can contribute to knee pain. Instead, play it safe and wear comfortable shoes like sneakers or orthopaedic footwear which can cushion the knees and help stretch your calves.

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