Concussion Information and Fact Sheet

A student-athlete who shows any signs, symptoms, or behaviors consistent with a concussion, both at rest or during exertion, should be removed immediately from practice or competition and can not return to participation until cleared by an appropriate health care professional. Once a student-athlete has been removed from practice or competition for a suspected concussion, he or she will not be allowed to return to participation on that same day. It is suggested that the individual then be evaluated by a licensed health care professional familiar with concussion management within 24 hours of the incident.

A student-athlete suspected of sustaining a concussion will be required to obtain written medical clearance before returning to any participation.

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What is a concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body. They often occur from contact with another player, hitting a hard surface, or being hit by a piece of equipment. A concussion can change the way the brain works and can have symptoms that range from mild to severe, and in rare cases, permanent brain damage or death.

The Facts:

  • A concussion is a brain injury
  • All concussions are serious
  • Concussions can occur without loss of consciousness or other obvious signs
  • Concussions can occur from blows to the head as well as to the body
  • Concussions can occur in any sport
  • Recognition and proper response to concussions when they first occur can help prevent further injury or even death

The presence of any one or more of the following symptoms or physical signs may suggest a concussion:

  • Memory loss
  • Confusion
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Double or fuzzy vision
  • Sensitivity to light or noise
  • Feeling sluggish, foggy, or groggy
  • Feeling unusually irritable or depressed
  • Concentration or memory problems (forgetting game plays, facts, meeting times)
  • Slow reaction time
  • Nausea (feeling that you might vomit)

If you notice any change in behavior or significant signs or symptoms, contact the nearest hospital or emergency medical services.

Other Important Information:

  • Rest and avoid strenuous activity: exercise or activities that involve concentration such as studying, working on the computer, or playing video games may cause concussion symptoms (above) to reappear or get worse
  • No alcohol
  • Do not take medications to assist with sleep
  • Do not drive until medically cleared
  • Do not take aspirin or non-steroidal anti-infl ammatory medications

When in doubt, get checked out

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