The best exercises for bad knees

May 21, 2015

Topic: orthopaedic problems

 Consider these exercises to stay in shape with bad knees.

When people have bad knees, whether they were athletes for several years, received a detrimental injury or have osteoarthritis, it can be a pain - literally. Aside from limiting your daily activity, it can also make staying in shape a lot harder. Consider these exercises to keep active with bad knees. 

Common mistakes
When people with bad knees exercise, they often make a few mistakes along the way. First off, many people try several different cardio exercises, which is not always a good idea. Only certain knee exercises can help burn calories without putting people in pain. When some do knee exercises, they may bend their knees past the front of their toes. This can aggravate knee joints and make orthopaedic problems worse. This is because it puts intense pressure beneath the kneecap, stressing the muscles around it. People sometimes start to perform exercises that their knees cannot handle because they did not ask their doctor first, putting them in danger. Knowing knee strength and capability is crucial before starting any kind of exercise regimen. 

Beneficial knee exercises
Think about trying out these activities at the gym to get a workout in. Complete these exercises in 10 or more repetitions. 

Partial squats
Many people know that regular squats can put bad knees in a lot of pain. However, partial squats can burn calories without aggravating the knee muscles. People begin this exercise similar to regular squats, with their feet hip-width apart. Slowly lower the body, making sure that the toes do not go past the knees. People should only go as low as is comfortable.

Step-ups can help work the hamstrings, quads and gluteus muscles and strengthen knee muscles if done correctly. People can use an anaerobic step or a step on a staircase for this activity. Step up on one foot, tapping the other at the edge of the stair. Step down and switch. As with partial squats, the knee should not bend over the toes. 

Calf raises
This exercise strengthens the foot, ankle and calf muscles. Stand up with both feet pointed forward. Raise the heels off the ground slowly and then lower them again, making sure to keep the heels in sync. Going slowly makes the workout harder. If people have difficulty staying balanced, they can use a wall or chair for stability. 

Hamstring stretch
This activity helps promote circulation and prevents muscle injuries. People should begin by lying on their back with one leg straight out. Keeping the other leg straight, they should wrap a towel around the foot and pull the leg toward them, making sure that the knee does not lock. 

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